Rules for picture composition

There are many tips for image design and composition in photography from the effect of the contrasts to tips on perspective and point of view.

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Some rules for creating images

Stagger and overlap

Place elements in the picture so that they overlap and form stacks or stacks. This brings a depth that the flat photo otherwise cannot offer and opens up the space.

Contrast

Contrasts are the soul of photography: form contrast, size contrast, sharpness contrast, brightness contrast and color contrast.

Eye-catching lines

Human eyes automatically follow the lines in the picture. If you can put lines in the picture, let them run towards the subject or open a space with the lines.

Foreground – background

You automatically divide the scene in front of your eyes into the foreground and background. In a two-dimensional photo, the front is down and the back is up. Put a motif in the foreground so that the room opens up and is better understood.

Point of view and perspective

Don’t just take pictures from eye level, because the point of view has a great influence on the proportions of the subject. Shoot from the center of the planned image for a neutral point of view, from a low position to raise the subject, but do not shoot with a general’s gaze.

Give the subject a frame

There is a reason that you hang pictures on the wall in a frame. The frame gives the viewer a hold and focuses the gaze on the subject.

Falling walls: don’t spill, but clump

Lines like a forest path or a river are a means of creating an image and guide the view through the photo. If, on the other hand, the vertical lines do not run parallel to the right and left edges of the picture, they are considered to be falling lines: The picture falls out of the frame.

Taking pictures of series with a motto is like an ├ętude in music: series practice the photographer’s eye and the camera’s hand movements and still give free rein to creativity.